Ulcerative Colitis

Are there any actual causes for this inflammatory disease? Would a prevention plan be effective in stopping it from occurring?

Last Updated Jun 22, 2013.

Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory disease that affects your rectum and your colon (large intestine) as well.

This disease is also known as an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which causes small ulcers to develop on the innermost lining of your colon. These ulcers, which are tears, produce a discharge mixture of blood and mucus.

The disease primarily starts off in the rectum, although ulcerative colitis often spreads into the large intestine if it gets too severe. Young adults and adults over the age of 50 are often the ones found to have this medical problem.

What Causes Ulcerative Colitis?

The exact cause for this disease is still unsure of, but research has proposed possible theories to the reason why ulcerative colitis occurs. Problems with your immune system are the top choice of reasoning for this inflammation, and it has to do with your immune system responding to abnormal pathogens in your body, which are most likely bacteria or viruses.

This then causes an over stimulation to occur, thus creating ulcers and inflammation along your colon and rectum. Although there is still no definite proof of this, doctors can still conclude on symptoms that can be expected to come about once the inflammation starts.

Symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis symptoms may vary from patient to patient much like most other diseases or infections, but there are still some usual symptoms that you can be keeping an eye out for. Abdominal left side pain due to cramping is a possible symptom to suffer from, and diarrhea is often frequent with this disease as well. Under severe circumstances you may experience blood and pus in your stool because of the ulcers.

ulcerative colitis

You can also have the urge to eliminate your bowel wastes at a high frequency, and some patients have been reported to have used the bathroom 20 times a day, but the amount is all depending upon the severity of your ulcerative colitis.

Other not so common symptoms are skin lesions, fever, weight loss, and problems with your joints as well. Any of these symptoms could mean that it is time to consult your physician for further consultation.

Diet Prevention

There is still no proven diet plan that you can use to help prevent ulcerative colitis, or even keep it from re-occurring. However, that does not mean that it is not worth you at least trying out.

Your digestive system is the main priority to protect when it comes to this disease, and eating foods that do not hinder its functions could be the key to lessening the disease’s severity.

Heavy carbohydrates and caffeine are two foods to try and stay away from. Fiber rich foods and those that contain a lot of grease should also be avoided, and dairy products would be another food group to keep out of your diet because they do not digest easily.

Drinking plenty of water every day is a necessity for your body to function properly, which means it could lessen the recovery time and the ulcers may heal faster. Large portioned meals actually stretch your digestive system and irritate the inflammation further, so you should stick with meals that are smaller in portion.

Pain Relief to Consider

Take some time to lie down and relax if you are experiencing abdominal pains and cramping. This will take the physical stress off of your body and allow your digestive system to begin to calm down. Mental stress is causation for changes in your digestive system because your nervous system is what relays messages to your colon.

Stress could be minimized by simply getting a good night’s sleep, or by taking a 20 minute walk to stay physically active and relieve the feelings of stress. Ulcerative colitis pain relief methods are still not proven to always work due to the unknowns about the disease.

Coping with this Disease

Ulcerative colitis is a disease that many people face, and you may have to learn to live coincide with the disease as long as it is not too severe. That would mean minor abdominal pains that come and go, loss of appetite, and infrequent diarrhea. A proper diet and light exercise plan followed by good amount of rest may be able to help you deal with having this disease. A physician could also prescribe you medication if it is only moderate symptoms such as these.

Those with severe cases of ulcerative arthritis are usually not well to respond to medications, and are usually given a colonoscopy in order to see how bad the medical issue is. Cancer has now become related to the severe cases of this, and often times require the entire removal of the large intestines.

However, not every bad case of this disease means that you are, or have, any type of cancer. Research is still underway on finding the exact causes and preventive measures to take. Make sure you consult a physician if you have any further questions about ulcerative colitis.

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