Kidney stones (also known as renal calculi and nephrolithiasis) are obstructions that occur in your kidneys and urinary tract as well. These obstructions are solid masses that are formed by tiny mineral crystals and protein.
This disease is a common occurrence in many adults and premature babies as well, and can also be received through genetics in your family blood line.
The primary reason why this disease occurs is because calcium begins to combine together with other minerals, thus forming the crystallized stones within your body.
These substances that mix well with the calcium are phosphate, carbonate, and oxalate. Kidney stones may possibly form when you eat foods that contain too much of any of these minerals such as spinach or supplements that contain Vitamin C. It is also possible to get this disease through an infection in your small intestine.
After these solid stones have formed in your kidneys, they may actually break loose and travel down your ureters, which are the tiny tubes that move the urine from your kidneys to your urinary bladder. Severe pain may occur once this obstruction blocks the flow of your urine. However, sometimes these stones are very small and pass through your body without any problems forming.
As mentioned, if a stone obstructs your urinary tract then severe pain will occur during urination, and blood in your urine may also appear. Left side pain, and sometimes right side pain, may be felt on your abdominal area or your lower back.
The groin area may start to feel painful, and with men the testicles can possibly start to throb. If you have nausea or a fever then it is possible to be experiencing symptoms of kidney stones, and unusual urine color is another viewable source to watch out for.
Kidney stones are often recurring when the cause of their forming has not been diagnosed. You should immediately seek medical attention if any of these symptoms occur, or are becoming frequent.
Prevention of Kidney Stones is Possible through Dieting
Kidney stones may be genetic, but under most circumstances they are actually preventable, and even if the disease runs in your family you can still take steps to keep the stones from forming.
The most recommended diet from physicians is one that has the daily amount of water per day being drunk. Research has shown that reoccurrence may not happen as frequently through a high water intake because the crystals are constantly being flushed out of your system. By not drinking enough fluids, you are taking the risk of having these minerals being deposited along the inner walls of your kidneys.
Staying away from vegetables that contain too much oxalate is also a good diet plan. One of the most potent vegetables is spinach, although healthy for you, should be eaten in moderate amounts.
Methods for Pain Relief
The pain from kidney stones could become unbearable at times, especially when you need to urinate but have a crystallized mass obstructing the flow of your urine. This pain could be relieved through various methods, and one of those would be simply taking a drug that contains acetaminophen, which is a common pain reliever found in Tylenol.
However, you should only take this if the pain is mild because anything stronger would mean that a physician needs to have a look at the kidney stones through an ultrasound of your kidneys, or by means of an x-ray machine also.
Using a heating pad is another pain relief method if you are experiencing mild pain on your abdominals, oblique’s, or lower back. Heat is a nourishing affect that loosens up muscles and tension, which then allows the pain to subside, but it is only a quick fix for pain relief. High water intake should already be added into your diet, and is also a way to flush out the kidney stones from your system.
Drink at least eight glasses of water a day, which is going to produce a large amount of urine that will help with the flushing process. Do not do this if the stones are preventing you from urinating!
When it is Time to Consult a Doctor
Moderate kidney symptoms may be manageable, but sometimes circumstances just make it to where you need to consult a physician. First, if you ever see blood in your urine, go to a doctor immediately.
The next reason would be if you cannot urinate, or only are able to squeeze a few drips out. That means that the obstruction is unable to be flushed out, and removal is necessary. Plus, the pain is going to be almost unbearable during urination if your kidney stones reach this stage.
The most important reason why you want to see a physician is because of infection. Long duration of this disease is going to cause an infection to develop, which may possibly become life threatening or the removal of a kidney may be necessary.